Document Type : Original research paper
Department of Pediatric, School of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
Department of Pathobiology and Laboratory Sciences, School of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
Introduction: Children as one of the vulnerable age groups are exposed to a variety of psychological disorders. Anxiety disorders are one of the most common mental disorders in childhood. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of anxiety disorders among 3 to 5 years old children in Bojnurd city.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on total of 387 children aged 3 to 5 years old in Bojnurd city, Iran. The sampling method in this study was multi-stage sampling. Spence Preschool Anxiety Scale questionnaire (parent version) was used to measure anxiety disorders. Data analyzed by independent t-test and one-way ANOVA test in the SPSS software version 22.
Results: Of 387 children aged 3-5 years, 172 (44.4%) were boy. The mean age of the subjects was 3.97 ± 0.72. The prevalence of anxiety disorders was 51.9% and total mean score of anxiety among participants was 33.28 ± 15.85. Our results showed that agoraphobia disorder (85.5%) and obsessive-compulsive (81%) are the most prevalent disorders and generalized and separation anxiety (35.4%) are the least common anxiety disorder among children aged 3 to 5 years in Bojnurd city.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate a high prevalence of anxiety disorders in 3 to 5 years old children in Bojnurd city. Therefore, the prevalence of anxiety disorders in 3 to 5 years old children should be at least one of the priorities in the health system of the country.