The impact of positive thinking skills training on the hope and resilience of female primary school teachers in ramhormoz

Document Type : Original research paper


1 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Master of Counseling and Guidance, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.



Introduction: This study aims to investigate the impact of positive thinking training on resilience and life expectancy of female primary school teachers in Ramhormoz city in the academic year 2009-2010.

Methods: In this study, 40 teachers were selected through simple random sampling from the mentioned community. A before and after study design with a control group was used in this study. The study used the Connor and Davidson (2003) Resilience questionnaire, and the Miller (1988) Hope measuring questionnaire. The intervention group (n = 20) and the control group (n = 20) were randomly assigned. Positive thinking training was conducted in eight 75-minute sessions in the intervention group. Hope and resilience were measured before and after the training using the Miller and Connor, and Davidson questionnaires.

Results: According to our analysis, the p-value for hope is 0.095, the p-value for resilience is 0.078, and at the 5% level of significance, there is no statistically significant difference between before and after training in teachers' hope and resilience. The coefficient of determination shows that the variance of the independent variable is responsible for 94% of the variance of the dependent variable.

Conclusion: Positive thinking training did have positive effects on teachers' resilience and hope, but these effects were not statistically significant.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 01 March 2023
  • Receive Date: 25 April 2022
  • Revise Date: 21 December 2022
  • Accept Date: 01 March 2023