Document Type : Systematic Review
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
Department of Operating Room Nursing, Abadan University of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.
Department of Public Health, School of Health, Abadan University of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Abadan University of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.
Introduction: Mental health problems among children and adolescents are increasingly observed during the outbreak of COVID-19, leading to adverse physical and psychological consequences. Survey studies provide unique opportunities for research during this pandemic, while there are no existing systematic reviews in this setting. The objective was to summarize existing survey studies addressing the effects of the current COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of children and adolescents.
Materials & methods: For this systematic review, we performed an electronic search in multiple databases. The quality of the studies was assessed using 14 items from the National Institutes for Health (NIH) Study Quality Assessment Tool for Observational Cohort and Cross-Sectional Studies. The present study's findings were reviewed from December 2019 until December 2021 in PubMed, Scopus, Science direct, and Google Scholar databases by searching for the keywords Covid-19, Depression, Anxiety, Children and Adolescent. Finally, based on the inclusion criteria, out of 4516 articles reviewed, eight papers were entered into the research and the classification results were summarized and reported.
Findings: Evaluation of the articles showed that increased anxiety and depression, increased behavioural and emotional problems, the experience of misbehaviour and emotional harassment, and increased anxiety and stress after harm, especially in girls are among the negative consequences on children's mental health during the outbreak of coronavirus.
Conclusion: Considering the negative consequences on children's mental health, it seems necessary to conduct intervention studies to improve and reduce stress and anxiety in children and adolescents during the outbreak of Covid-19 disease.